French Bulldog Colors. The Standard and The Rare.
I get so many questions about French Bulldog colors on a daily basis. I’ve scrolled online trying to find an article that covers all the French Bulldog Colors and show it to my customers as an example, but nothing extensive popped up, so I decided it’s time to write my own.
I will try to keep it as simple as possible as well as cover some basic questions regarding pricing. Keep in mind that the prices vary based on color, bloodlines and breeding rights. It will cost you more to get a specific dog with a full AKC registration, than getting it just as a family pet.
Standard Colors and Patterns
Which are standard colors and patterns? Let’s start at the beginning..
In 1897, the only original breed standard was considered brindle. After the 1911 standard revision they approved additional standard colors and patterns like fawn, cream, piebald,.. To this day any deviation from the standard equals disqualification. The standard French Bulldog colors are the only ones allowed to compete in the ring.
Acceptable colors – All brindle, fawn, white, brindle and white, and any color except
those which constitute disqualification. All colors are acceptable with the exception of solid
black, mouse, liver, black and tan, black and white, and white with black, which are
disqualifications. Black means black without a trace of brindle.
If you are trying to invest into a standard colored French Bulldog – as a pet only, you will usually be looking at prices between 2,000-2,500$.
However a standard color price can still go up to 5,000 – 6,000$ if bought from a breeder with champion bloodlines and amazing quality French Bulldogs.
Brindle French Bulldog Pattern
Brindle is one of the most common French Bulldog patterns.
Brindle French Bulldog has a base coat of fawn hairs through which black hairs extend in bands to produce a coat that can range from a tiger brindle in which fawn hairs predominate to the more common dark brindles in which the black hairs predominate.
The piebald is not a French Bulldog color, it’s a pattern. Pied animal is one that has a pattern of pigmented spots on an unpigmented (white) background of hair.
The pied French Bulldog comes in multiple color variations. Brindle pied, fawn pied, red fawn pied, etc..
Cream French Bulldog
What is a cream French Bulldog? Many light fawn French Bulldogs are mistaken for a cream.
A true cream Frenchie will look slightly off white throughout – solid colour. Its a recessive dilute from the fawn coat.
They have no markings on them, they have black pigment, black noses, black eye rims, black paw pads, and black lips. The DNA of a true cream French Bulldog is different than the one of the light fawn.
Fawn French Bulldog Colors
The fawn French Bulldog colors come in different shades, from a very light, almost cream looking ones, to a deep red fawn. They can have a mask, like the one pictured above, or be maskless.
Exotic French Bulldog Colors and Patterns
Exotic Colors and Patterns in the French Bulldog breed are the one that aren’t approved by the AKC and can’t participate in the ring.
They can still be AKC registered and are 100% French Bulldogs, but unfortunately can’t compete due to their coat color being an instant disqualification.
Blue French Bulldog
The beautiful blue (gray) French Bulldog color is a results of a dilution gene. The dilution gene affects eumelanin (liver and black coats), in some instances, the red coat as well.
When a dog has two copies of the d allele (dd), a black dog will become blue. The coat range is wide – from very light gray to almost black, but even in that case it can be visible that the dog is dd, by looking at the color shade of his nose.
The blue French Bulldog color is in the rare or exotic color price range. It will cost you between 4000-4500 $ to get a blue canine companion.
All of the coat colors can come in a variation with a pattern (piebald, brindle, merle) + a different color. The puppy picture above is a Blue Pied.
Lilac French Bulldog Colors
These rare lilacs are a result of their parents blue and chocolate DNA. The same dilution gene that causes a black dog to become blue (like mentioned above), causes a chocolate/liver dog to become a lilac (Isabella).
A lilac French Bulldog dog will have the genotype bbdd (homozygous for liver, homozygous for dilution). Isabella dogs are usually very light blue, almost silver looking, with light eyes and pinkish tint on their muzzle.
Due to their unique appearance they run in the higher price range of 4000-6000$.
In the chocolate color case, the dilution of the black color happen on the B locus. It is recessive, so b is liver and B is non-liver, and in order for a dog to be liver it must have the genotype bb.
The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, and it can affect skin pigment as well. This pattern is very controversial in the French Bulldog community since it can cause severe health issues, if two merles are bred together.
A merle should only be bred to a dog with a solid coat color. The merle gene itself, does not cause any health issues.
Merle dogs will usually have bright blue eyes, or odd looking eyes (heterochromia iridum). Heterochromia Iridum is a difference in coloration of the iris. Merle French Bulldog colors are rare and of course in the higher price range.
Platinum French Bulldog
An exotic color covered in cream, is what it’s called a Platinum. Their coat color is cream, but you can see signs of dilution by looking at their nose, eyes and paw pads.
While a regular cream French Bulldog would have a black nose, dark eyes and black paw pads, the Platinum French Bulldog will have a diluted version of that.
Coat Color Combined with Tan Points
Another very beautiful and unique coloration. The price range is wide. You can expect to pay from 2,500-3000$ for a Black and Tan French Bulldog, to up to 6000-7000$ for a Lilac and Tan or Merle and Tan one.
Black and Tan French Bulldog
Blue and Tan French Bulldog
Lilac and Tan French Bulldog
Merle and Tan French Bulldog
Black and Black Pied French Bulldog Colors
A non-standard color in the standard color price range. These beauties deviate from the acceptable coat colors, but are definitely still in the lower price range.
A French Bulldog is considered black if the coat color is solid without any signs of brindle, which is rare. Even if a puppy appears black, that might not be the case. A truly black French Bulldog has an unique DNA of a/a.
It will cost you around 2500$ to bring a black or a black pied French Bulldog home.